How to treat burn injuries.
This article has been written to help guide you through the procedures when required to treat different types of burn injuries during a first-response emergency burn situation.
Treating burn injuries depends on the severity and extent of the burn. Here's a general overview of how to treat different degrees of burn injuries:
First Aid for Minor Burns (First-degree burns):
Immediately cool the affected area under cold, running water for at least 10-20 minutes. Do not use ice or extremely cold water as it may cause further damage.
Avoid applying any creams, ointments, or butter to the burn, as they may trap heat and delay healing.
Cover the burn with a sterile non-stick dressing or clean cloth to protect it from infection.
Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or ibuprofen can help manage pain and inflammation.
Keep the burn clean and dry. Change the dressing regularly and watch for any signs of infection, such as increased redness, swelling, or pus.
First Aid for Moderate Burns (Second-degree burns):
For second-degree burns that are larger than a few inches or on sensitive areas like the face, hands, feet, or genitals, seek medical attention.
Follow the same first aid steps as for minor burns.
Do not pop any blisters that may form as they serve as a natural barrier against infection.
If the burn blisters rupture or open, cover them with a sterile non-stick dressing and seek medical attention.
Emergency Treatment for Severe Burns (Third-degree burns):
For third-degree burns, which involve all layers of the skin and may cause charring, seek immediate emergency medical assistance.
Call emergency services (999) or go to the nearest hospital or medical centre.
While waiting for medical help, do not attempt to remove any clothing stuck to the burn.
Cover the burn with a clean, dry cloth or non-stick dressing to protect it from contamination.
Do not immerse large or severe burns in cold water as it may lead to hypothermia.
General Tips for Burn Injury Treatment:
Avoid applying ice, butter, or adhesive bandages directly to the burn, as they can cause further damage or infection.
Do not break any blisters that may form, as they serve as a protective barrier for the healing process.
Do not use adhesive bandages or tapes on burns, as they can cause further skin damage and hinder healing.
Never attempt to treat severe burns at home; they require immediate medical attention.
For any burn injury, it is essential to seek medical attention if the burn is large, deep, affects sensitive areas, or if there are any signs of infection. Additionally, individuals with burns on the face, hands, feet, or genitals should seek professional medical evaluation and treatment. Proper medical assessment and care are crucial for the best possible outcomes and to minimize complications from burn injuries.